Chichen Itza, Mexico

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Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Mayan people. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum in the Mexican state of Yucatán.

The site boasts a plethora of architectural styles reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and the Puuc and Chenes styles of the northern Mayan plains.

Chichen Itza was one of the largest Mayan cities and was likely to have been one of the great mythical cities, or Tollans, referred to later in Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Mayan world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles in the place.

The ruins of Chichen Itza are federally owned and site administration is maintained by the National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico. Land under the monuments had been privately owned until March 29, 2010, when it was purchased by the state of Yucatan.

Chichen Itza is one of Mexico's most visited archaeological sites; It is estimated that 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins each year.
Tourism
Many tourists visit Chichen Itza as a day trip, especially from Cancun, over 160 kilometers away. This archaeological site is also an hour and a half from Mérida, the capital of the Yucatan. Mayan communities near Chichen Itza have developed many wonderful places for travelers to rejoice in the Mayan cultural heritage. It is recommended to avoid a day visit to Chichen Itza and schedule a night or two to enjoy all the activities nearby.

This allows the time to see more than just part of this great site. If you stay here one night, come to the archaeological site early in the day, before the sun is so hot, and before most hikers arrive.

These are the remains of a fascinating civilization of the past. Knowledgeable guides that speak all major languages ​​are available.

 The Kukulcan Pyramid or El Castillo - Chichen Itza's most famous landmark. This was a temple pyramid dedicated to the Feathered Serpent God, Kukulcán. It is nicknamed "The Castle". The Serpent Sculptures

Temple of Warriors

Great ballcourt

Jaguars Temple

Skulls Platform

Cenote of Sacrifice

El Caracol - Circular temple on a rectangular platform, also sacred to Kukulcan, served as an astronomical observatory.

High Priest's Tomb - A smaller version of the "Castillo" served as a tomb for one of the city's rulers.

Nunnery Convent Complex - the royal palace of Chichen Itza before the arrival of the Toltecs

The red house

Deer House

Temple of the Wall Panels

Akab 'Dzib - Palace with hieroglyphic inscriptions

The Balankanche Caves, where a wide variety of ancient pottery and idols can still be seen in the positions they were left in pre-Columbian times.
Gastronomy
In Chichen Itza you can enjoy a variety of dishes, strongly influenced by Spanish culture, Mayan culture is still present, resulting in an exquisite fusion of colors and flavors.

If you are ready to visit the Chichen Itza archeological zone, you should stop at the markets, the restaurants that are located in front of the church in the small town of Pisté, which is at the end of the road to the pyramids, where you can enjoy delicious panuchos, which are the small handmade tortillas with chips and on top of meat, milk, tomatoes and avocado; Salbutes, much like the panuchos; the traditional cochinita pibil, which is usually marinated pork fillet.

On the Yucatan Peninsula you will often find the richest pozzol, which is a typical drink specially prepared during thirst-quenching seasons. This drink is made from fermented corn and stored in trees with a bitter taste, or simply enjoyed with salt and pepper powder.

If you are in the archeological area, you will find a cafeteria-restaurant within the premises where you can enjoy typical dishes, snacks and soft drinks.

Also near the Chichen Itza area, there are several small restaurants; A good option is El Atrio Restaurant, which offers regional and international specialties as well as seafood. There is also Fiesta Restaurant, which offers seafood dishes and regional specialties.
Weather
The archaeological site of Chichen Itza is located within the Yucatan Peninsula and is considerably quieter than the beach areas. The climate is very hot and humid.

Be sure to drink plenty of water to stay hydrated. The sun catches a lot, especially between noon and 4:00 pm.

In Chichen Itza there is no shade, so it is important to wear a hat. Humidity will greatly increase the thermal sensation.

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