Granada, Andalucia

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Granada is a city and capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain, located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of four rivers, Beiro, Darro, Genil and Monachil. an altitude of 738 meters above sea level, and only an hour's drive from the Mediterranean coast, the Costa Tropical.
Nearby is the Sierra Nevada Ski Resort.
Granada was founded by indigenous tribes in the prehistoric period, and was known as Ilbyr. When the Romans colonized southern Spain, they built their own town here and called it Illibris.
The Arabs, invading the peninsula in the eighth century, X gave it the current name of Granada. It was the last Muslim city to fall to the Christians in 1492, by the hands of Queen Elizabeth of Castile and her husband Ferdinand of Aragon.
One of the most brilliant jewels of universal architecture is the Alhambra, a series of palaces and gardens built under the Nazari dynasty in the fourteenth century. This powerful complex of buildings, including the summer palace called Generalife, with its fountains and gardens, is situated at the foot of the highest mountain range in Spain, the Sierra Nevada, and overlooks the city below and the fertile plain of Grenade.
At the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, between the rivers Darro and Genil, lies one of the most interesting cities in eastern Andalusia.
In addition to its impressive Al-Andalus heritage, there are Renaissance architectural gems and the most modern facilities, fit for the 21st century.
Granada has an unmistakable Moorish essence due to the fact that it was the last city to be reconquered by the Catholic Kings in 1492. Gastronomy, crafts and urban planning are influenced by its glorious past. Fontes, miradooros and "Cármenes", houses surrounded by typical gardens of this city, create unforgettable songs in the city. It is no surprise that one of its old neighborhoods, the Albaicín, was awarded the World Heritage designation, along with the Alhambra and Generalife.
It was an important cultural center for many centuries, under the Moors and Christians, and nowadays it has a wide cultural and leisure program.
Cinema, music or theater festivals are complemented with permanent exhibitions or travel in all areas of knowledge.
Old Renaissance palaces hold seminars, conferences and debates, while the most innovative infrastructures are prepared for large events.
Granada has a vast network of accommodation, including historic buildings such as the former convent of Santa Paula (AC Hotel) and the San Francisco Convent (Parador de Turismo located inside the Alhambra), "cármenes" (traditional villas with gardens) in Albaicín , and cave houses in Sacromonte.
Due to its great communications, its wonderful climate, its beaches and its snowy mountains, Granada is a unique destination for cultural, adventure and business trips.
In addition to its Moorish and Jewish influences, the extraordinarily rich cuisine of Granada combines a variety of different cultures. The most representative kitchen of Granada can be seen in its salt bread with beans, an aperitif on the day of San Cecilio or the Day of the Cross, the typical festive dish of Granada, the tortilla Sacromonte, made of fried brain and testicles of bull or of granadino remojón, made with salted cod and orange. Other interesting foods include "potatoes a lo pobre" (potatoes and green peppers) and "migas" (deep-fried breadcrumbs), these can be combined with anything, although preferably pork or ham.
The province of Granada has a great quantity and variety of restaurants where you can taste the traditional dishes of Granada and the Mediterranean Sea, the new trends of the Spanish cuisine and the gastronomy of other countries.
Like miniature cooking, tapas are the most informal yet more varied and tasty way to have lunch or dinner out, with small plates of boiled snails, Andalucian style potatoes and fish.
The climate of Granada is friendly and dry, clean and healthy air with clear and cheerful sky. High winds, fog and snow are rare.
The Granada region offers Spain's richest variety of climate and landscape, from the alpine vegetation of the Sierra Nevada to the tropical coastline of Motril, where the average winter temperatures 15ºC, while some villages of the Sierra Nevada -10ºC.
Perhaps no other region on the peninsula has this contrasting variety, unfolding at the foot of snow-capped mountains, with the best ski slopes and rich fertile plains, such as those mentioned by Granada and Motril, and those of Loja, Guadix and Baza .

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