Egypt

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Egypt
Egypt is a transcontinental country that crosses the northeastern corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia, through a narrow strip of land formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Most of its 1,010,000 square kilometer territory lies within the Nile Valley in North Africa and borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, with the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, with the Gulf of Aqaba, the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.
Its capital is the city of Cairo.
With more than 84 million inhabitants, Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and Middle East, and the 15th most populous in the world.
The vast majority of its inhabitants live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of ​​about 40,000 square kilometers, where the only arable land is located.
The large desert regions of the Sahara, which make up most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited.
About half of the Egyptian population lives in urban areas, with greater spread through densely populated centers, Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities of the Nile Delta.
Egypt has one of the most distant histories of any modern state, having been continuously inhabited since the millennium BC.
Its monuments, such as the Giza Necropolis and the Great Sphinx, were built by its ancient civilization, which was one of the most powerful of its time and one of the first six civilizations to arise independently in the world.
Its ancient ruins, such as those of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak and the Valley of the Kings Luxor, are a major focus of archaeological study and popular interest from around the world.
Egypt's rich cultural legacy, as well as the attraction of its "Riviera" in the Red Sea, have made tourism a vital part of the economy, employing about 12 percent of the country's workforce.
Official language
Arabic
Currency
Egyptian pound
Tourism
The impressive, colossal monuments of Ancient Egypt never cease to amaze. The warmth, the vision and the invigorating light of the desert, the turquoise waters seem to make the visitor rejuvenate.

A romantic cruise along the world's longest river dazzles the senses.
A luxury resort, refugee in its "Rivier" on the Red Sea, is the ideal place for relaxation. No place has the magic, mystery and pleasures of Egypt.
A trip to Egypt is the way to discover a wonderful world.

Gize Plateau
Most famous, fascinating and mysterious archaeological site of Ancient Egypt.
Located on the outskirts of Cairo on the terrace known as the Giza plateau, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the landmark of ancient Egypt.

Abu Simbel
Here the tourist is not surprised by the grandeur of these temples. They are undoubtedly one of the most impressive monuments in the world, and Egypt's second most visited tourist spot, following the Pyramids of Giza.

Alexandrina Library
No trip along the waterfront of modern Alexandria can be complete without a visit to the new library, being the largest reading space in the world, including more than 2000 seats for readers.
The building has kept scripts and letters in almost every language in the world that reflect the multi-cultural heritage and the spirit of the library. The library houses more than 8 million books.

Temple of Luxor
The Temple of Luxor is another of the sites to be visited on any trip to Egypt, being a testament to the continued history of Egypt from the 18th ancient Egyptian dynasty to the 14th century when the mosque was built to commemorate Abu Al- Haggag, the one responsible for bringing Islam to Luxor.

Naama bay
For those who enjoy day and night activities, the sandy Naama Bay is the destination with its beautiful sand bay, it is the heartbeat of Sharm El Sheikh.

Salah El -Din Fort in Pharaoh Island, Taba
Explore a majestic fortress perched atop a dream island off the coast of Taba.
After a short ferry ride from the Taba coast, you come to Pharaoh's Island, a small granite atoll surrounded by coral reefs and dominated by the magnificent Saladin fortress, built by the Crusaders in the 12th century and recently restored by the Egyptian Council of Antiquities.
Gastronomy
Spicy and delicious, Egyptian cuisine is a rich and varied mix of Mediterranean flavors and the Middle East.
Mudammas Ful, or bean puree, is considered by most Egyptians as the national dish, and bread, called Eish Masri or Eish baladi, accompanies most meals.
Ancient Egyptians are known to have used a lot of garlic and onion in their daily dishes. In modern Egypt, fresh garlic puree with other herbs is used as a specialty of Egyptian cuisine in spicy tomato salads and also stuffed with cooked or roasted eggplant. Garlic fried with coriander is added to mulukhiyya, a popular green soup made from chopped leaves.
The fried onion is added to koushari, a dish consisting of lentils, pasta, rice, chickpeas and spicy tomato sauce.

Other popular Egypt food dishes include kebab and kofta, usually made from lamb, chops, and minced meat on charcoal grilled skewers.

Shawerma is a popular meat sandwich or shredded chicken, usually rolled in pita bread with tahini sauce.

Ramadan is the month of fasting in Egypt, and the Egyptians pay special attention to the preparation of a wide variety of dishes, since the whole family is gathered at the breakfast table just after sunset.
There are several special desserts almost exclusive to Ramadan, such as konafa and atayef. This month, many Egyptians will hold a special food table for the poor or bystanders, usually in a tent on the street called Maaedat Al Rahman which translates literally as Table of God the Merciful and Merciful.
Christians in Egypt, especially Copts, observe periods of fasting according to the Liturgical Calendar which practically extends to more than two-thirds of the year. The diet is mostly vegetarian. During this fast, Copts usually eat vegetables fried in oil as they avoid meat, chicken and dairy products, including butter.
Weather
Egypt has a hot desert climate. The weather is generally dry. Temperatures are hot or very hot in summer days and hot or cool in winter days but hot in summer evenings and cold in winter evenings.
The narrow coastal strip in northern Egypt has the most moderate temperatures because of the current Mediterranean Sea winds, temperatures range from a minimum of 9.5 ° C (49.1 ° F) at night in winter, from 17 ° C (63 ° F) in days, a minimum average of 23 ° C (73 ° F) on summer nights and a maximum average of 31 ° C (88 ° F) on summer day.
In desert regions the temperature varies greatly, especially in the summer, which can range from 7 ° C (45 ° F) overnight, to 40 ° C (104 ° F) during the day.
While the winter temperature in the desert can drop to 0 ° C (32 ° F) at night, it rises to 18 ° C (64 ° F) during the day.
Some mountainous places in Sinai, like Santa Catarina, have colder temperatures at night more than any other location.
Sometime between March and May, a hot and dry sand storm, known as Khamasin winds, blows from the southwest.
Egypt receives less than 80 mm of precipitation per year in most areas and it hardly ever rains in the summer, although in northern coastal areas, specifically in Alexandria, average annual rainfall reaches 200 mm.
Documentation
Passport
The passport must be valid for a minimum period of 6 months from the date of entry into Egypt.

Tourist visa
To travel to Egypt is normally necessary.

For visits up to 30 days, a visa can be obtained upon arrival, for payment in sterling, US dollars or euros.
Alternatively, a visa can be obtained at an Egyptian Consulate in the country of residence of the visitor, before traveling.

For those traveling to Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba and resorts in Taba up to 15 days receive a stamp of free entry permission upon arrival.

Applications for the extension of validity of a visa must be made at the Immigration Office in Egypt.
Health care
Medical facilities outside of Cairo and other major cities and resorts may be basic and in case of emergency, it is advised to seek treatment in Cairo or the nearest urban center. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and affordable resources to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.

After an increase in cases of hepatitis A infections in travelers returning from Egypt, the hepatitis vaccine is now recommended for all travelers.

Vaccination against yellow fever is required for travelers from countries at risk of yellow fever transmission.

There are cases of bird flu in Egypt, especially in rural areas. It is believed that the risk for humans from bird flu to be very low. As a precaution you should avoid visiting markets for live animals, poultry and other places where you can come in close contact with poultry or wild bird cages and make sure the poultry and egg cooked are well cooked.

As a precaution drink only bottled water, and avoid ice and any salads and fruits that may have been washed in local water.
Safety
Although the crime rate remains generally low, there has been a significant increase in crime throughout Egypt, both in cities and rural areas. Armed robberies, assaults, sexual assaults, rape, assaults on accommodations and cars, and car-jackings with a gun or knife occurred in areas popular with foreigners, including during the day. Robberies have already occurred in taxis.

Beware of your documents and valuables. Use safes and beware of pickpockets and bag thieves.

If you are the victim of any crime you should report it to the tourist police immediately.
 
There is a great threat of terrorism. Attacks can be indiscriminate and occur without notice.
Terrorists can target demonstrators and Egyptian officials.
Attacks against foreigners can not be discarded.

Evidence of an earlier visit to Israel such as an Israeli entry / exit stamp on the passport usually does not cause any difficulties upon entering Egypt.
It is, however, for the Egyptian authorities to determine the right of entry into the country.
If you have any questions, please contact the Egyptian Consulate.
Telecommunications and electricity
For those who have a 3G mobile phone with global roaming enabled, the phone works in Egypt, provided it is in an area covered by 3G service.
All resorts have internet at the disposal of their clients.
Electricity in Egypt is 220 V and 50 Hz frequency
However adapters are required for the tokens in the following cities:
Cairo, Alexandria, Giza, Port Said, Suez, El Mahalla El Kubra, Luxor, Assiut, Tanta, El Faiyum, Ismailia, Aswan, Qena, Sohag, Beni Suef, Benha, Talkha, Dekernes, Qalyub, Akhmim, Hurghada, Tahta, Damietta, Esna, Abnub, Rosetta, Fowa, Marsa Matruh, Beba, Beni Mazar, Deshna, Diyarb Najm, Tala.

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