India

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India
India is a country in South Asia. It is the second most populous country, seventh largest in geographical area and the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded to the south by the Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east, India has a coastline of 7,517 km long.
The country borders Pakistan to the west, with the People's Republic of China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. The island countries of the Indian Ocean - Sri Lanka and Maldives - are located very close to India.
India is a republic composed of 28 states and seven territories of the union with a system of parliamentary democracy. The country is the world's tenth largest economy in nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP), as well as the third largest in the world in GDP measured in Purchasing Power Parity.
Official language
Hindi and English
Currency
Rupee
Documentation
The Indian authorities require that travel documents (passport) have a validity of at least 6 months.
Entry into India requires that it must be obtained before departure at Indian Diplomatic and Consular Missions abroad. The extension of the duration of the visa can be done in the country with the Ministry of Internal Administration.
If you are in possession of a tourist visa (T), and in accordance with the new legislation in force, it is no longer necessary to observe a minimum period of 2 months until you can re-enter the country with the same visa. Nevertheless, the conditions of stay in India with a tourist visa are sometimes not clear, it is recommended that you consult the Embassy of India that issued the visa on those same conditions, as well as the consultation of the information provided by the Indian Government through the Embassies or consular services of India in the traveler's country of residence.
Tourism
In the midst of the 21st century, the land of inspiring figures such as Buddha and Gandhi still maintains their colors and mysticism, motivating trips that go far beyond worldly tourist excursions. But in a bustling and constant mutation, India today also looks to the future, inspiring itself as never before in the image of tycoons such as Lakshimi Mittal and Ratan Tata. Entrepreneurship with spirituality, a very modern combination.
A small sample of this impressive nation of over one billion people, dozens of languages ​​and religions is given in the golden triangle, the route between the capital, New Delhi, the beautiful Agra and Jaipur in the heart of the state of Rajasthan.
In New Delhi there is a meeting marked by a pluricultural, chaotic and vibrant setting, mixing government bureaucrats, hopeful young people and multinational executives. Noisy and with such urban traffic, the city retains monumental spaces such as the Jama Masjid Grand Mosque, the imposing Red Fort and a busy day-to-day life filled with cafes, shops and restaurants in Connaught Place.
The desert Rajasthan has beautiful landscapes and one of the planet's most unique cities in Jaipur, with its pink-walled buildings in the shadow of the splendid Amber Fort.
In Agra, two great architectural gems delight travelers for centuries: the Agra Fort and the beautiful Taj Mahal. The latter in particular is one of those works that any good traveler should place as one of the ten mandatory destinations of a life.
Outside the triangle, discover other destinations such as the hedonistic old Portuguese colony of Goa and the temples of Khajuraho, full of carvings and erotic sculptures. Other prominent centers are metropolis that have recently changed name, such as Kolkata (the former Calcutta), Chennai (Madras) and Mumbai (Bombay).
Lastly, no trip to India is complete without watching the sunrise on the banks of the Ganges River in Varanasi (Benares). India tests all its senses to the maximum, provoking extreme sensations and fascination, passion and distrust. But you will soon realize, no one is indifferent to you.
Gastronomy
The cuisine of India is the generic name of the cuisine of the Indian subcontinent, characterized by extensive use of various types of spices, herbs and other vegetables, as well as local fruits. Each Indian cuisine family has an extensive variety of dishes and culinary techniques. As a consequence, it varies from region to region, reflecting the demographic variety and ethnic diversity of the subcontinent.
The gastronomy in India, has its characteristic turned to fruits, cereals and vegetables, so called "satws", and finds in the vegetables and vegetables its greater consumption, since much of Indian cuisine, is vegetarian due to the fact that do not use meat from animals, with a few exceptions. The "subji" is a vegetable stew, the typical dish is the tali, which is served on the table, and is made with Indian aromatic rice, dhal, which are pea-like grains, and is accompanied by bread which is called in the chapati Indian cuisine.
The sauces can be prepared with vegetables, or fruits preserved in a vinegar juice, spicy sauce, already the "bhaji". Vegetables, nuts, yogurt, lentil puree are part of the meal, the "raita" is a sauce made of yogurt, to which can be added chickpeas. The chili pepper is widely used. Drink plenty of apple tea, and mint and fresh ginger. Next to the restaurants of New Delhi, the tourist can order a typical dish of the Indian cuisine, to taste this millenarian cuisine, prepared with many spices.
Weather
The climate of India varies from heat in the south to a colder climate (very cold) in the north. In the northern regions it often snows in the winter. The landscape is very varied and can be seen from very arid areas, such as in the desert of Thar near Pakistan, forests and savannas, and occupy the fifth of the Indian territory to icy mountains, as in the Himalayas. India collects its rain thanks to the monsoons.
In northern India there are 5 seasons - summer: from May to June; monsoon: from July to September; Autumn: from October to November; Winter: from December to January; and Spring: from February to April.
In the south, and in general on the coast, the climate is tropical humid, subject to monsoon regime and with little variation of temperature.
The best time to visit the country is between October and March.
Safety
Considering the recent incidents in the Indian state of Kashmir between Indian and Pakistani military forces as well as action throughout the territory of terrorist groups, any non-essential displacement to the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is discouraged.
Traveling to this country should be specially prepared and taken care of, given the country's extension, religious, cultural and linguistic diversity, and the permanent possibility of inter-religious and separatist conflicts in a large part of the country. As a general rule, India is a peaceful and safe country, but the traveler must always be aware of his safety and his assets. There is a feeling of preparedness for a permanent terrorist threat and an outbreak of communal violence in large areas, which can make any trip difficult.
In recent years there has been an increase in sexual assaults against women, not only Indian but also foreign. It is therefore advisable to exercise caution, advising that you travel alone and / or accept any invitations made by strangers. Attention should be paid to the type of clothing used, avoiding drawing attention to itself.

The consumption and possession of drugs is illegal and subject to serious criminal consequences, with effective imprisonment (in very precarious health conditions).
Health care
The most frequent diseases are hepatitis, tuberculosis, cholera, malaria, dengue and other fevers. The sanitary and hygienic conditions are not adequate outside the large centers. In major cities, however, there is good medical care, especially in private hospitals.
There are no mandatory vaccines for entry into India, with the exception of the yellow fever vaccine, for passengers from affected areas. It is advisable, before departure, to carry out a medical consultation of travelers' advice.
Water that is not bottled and sealed should not be ingested. It is important to keep in mind that the ice of the drinks may not be of drinking water. Avoid raw vegetables, clams, oysters and sauces.
It is advisable to subscribe to health insurance coverage in this country, and it is advisable to provide medical-sanitary evacuation from India.
Telecommunications and Electricity
Mobile Phones
The use of mobile devices can be used if you have activated roaming, however, attention to very high charges for roaming.

Internet
India is well served by internet services, there are several cybers-cafes with high-speed connections.
In case you have a laptop or notebook, there are numerous cafes that offer the free wi-fi connection.

Electricity
The electricity is 230 Volt 50 Hz and with plugs for two-pin plugs.
It is advisable to have an adapter kit for the sockets.

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