Norway

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Norway
Norway is a northern European country that occupies the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula, the island of Jan Mayen and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard, through the Treaty of Svalbard. The mainland of the country divides the eastern border with Sweden and the north with Finland and Russia. The United Kingdom and the Faroe Islands are west across the North Sea, Iceland and Greenland lie west across the Norwegian Sea, and Denmark lies near the southernmost tip of the country, via the Skagerrak Strait. Bouvet Island and Peter I Island are dependent territories (Norwegian: Biland) of Norway, but are not considered part of the Kingdom. Norway also claims a part of Antarctica known as Queen Maud's Land, a claim recognized by Australia, France, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. The extensive coastline of Norway, facing the North Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea, is home to its famous fjords.
Official language
Norwegian, Sami (in eight municipalities), Kven (in one municipality).
Currency
Norwegian krone
Documentation
Because Norway is a member of the Schengen Area, a visa is not required for citizens of the European Union for a stay of less than 90 days.

Although it is permitted to travel to Norway with only a citizen's / identity card, it is recommended that you have a valid passport, as this document is required for any act with a legal effect in Norwegian national law, such as open account in the bank, apply for a stay of more than 90 days, residence permit, authorization to work, identification with the police and at the post office.
 
Traveling with children: When a parent travels with a child (a minor), he / she must carry a written authorization in English and signed by the other parent; if the minor is alone or accompanied by a third adult, authorization from both parents is required.
Tourism
Get to know the northern lights or the midnight sun in the area north of the Arctic Circle, or visit the famous Norwegian fjords surrounded by high mountains and glaciers.

Discover modern architecture, the fjord, the mountain and coastal landscapes.

A trip with the iconic Hurtigruten offers the best views at a gentle pace - it is the ideal way to discover the varied coastal landscape of Norway.

Nature governs northern Norway, and over thousands of years, people have found ways to adapt to the Arctic climate.

The Svalbard Islands are located in the Arctic Ocean, halfway between Norway and the North Pole. Here you will find the Arctic desert.

In Norway, everyone has the unrestricted right of access to the field - including national parks.

The Norwegian Trekking Association presents 10 walks in the favorite mountains in Norway. Besseggen and Preikestolen are among its recommendations.

Norway's most popular astronomer Knut Jørgen Røed Ødegaard shares his best midnight sun travel tips and some interesting, rather quirky facts.

The main attractions in Oslo include Vigelandsparken Sculpture Park, the Opera House, Holmenkollen Ski Jump and the Viking Ship Museum.
Gastronomy
Norwegian cuisine is famous for its simplicity and diversity, traditionally based on raw materials available in the country, with a focus on hunting, fishing and livestock, unlike the rest of Europe. However, modern Norwegian cuisine is influenced by globalization, and urban restaurants have the same menu expected from any Western European city.

Smoked salmon is a typical dish of international popularity. It exists in many varieties and is usually served with scrambled eggs, dill, in mustard sandwiches. There are also gravlaks (Norwegian: buried salmon), salmon cured with salt and sugar, seasoned with dill and optionally with other herbs and seasonings. An even more skinny dish is the rakfisk (Norwegian: soggy fish).

Norway's largest export has already been cod, but a large number of fish species are popular, such as salmon, herring, whiting and mackerel, fresh, smoked, salted or canned.

One of Norway's most traditional cod dishes is called lutefisk, whose name literally means fish with caustic soda, because it is made with caustic soda or potassium hydroxide. The lutefisk season begins in November and is usually served during the Christmas period.

The lompe, a kind of crepe made from potatoes, is usually consumed wrapped around a sausage with ketchup, and can be found in street food shops all over Norway.

In the sausages, stands the morrpølse, consumed since the Vikings' era. Still on the side of smoked products, fenalår, which resembles a cured ham, but made with leg of lamb, is very popular.

Hakkasteik is also a popular dish, consisting of minced meat from various animals, such as pork, beef and lamb.

In early autumn, it is customary, in some regions of the country, to consume fårikål, a stew of lamb and cabbage.

Another traditional dish is the slottsstek, or roast from the king's castle, a baked beef roast, with seasonings that are not typical of everyday Norwegian cuisine.

In the case of bread, krotekaker, a traditional plain bread from the Hardanger region, and lefse, a Norwegian bread with a similar shape to a Mexican tortilla, made with potatoes, milk or cream and flour and roasted in a plate.

Among the Norwegian cheeses, stand out brunost, gamalost and jarlsberg.

In Norway it is possible to find several types of berries, with daily consumption of jellies being common.

In sweets, the kransekake, normally consumed on festive occasions such as weddings, baptisms, Christmas and New Year can be highlighted. The skolebrød, meaning sweet bread from the school gave rise to a contest in 2009, in order to choose the best recipe for the future.
Climate
Norway's climate can be oceanic, continental, sub-arctic and alpine, with mild summers and long, rigorous winters, with strong winds and high snowfall; but unlike the other Scandinavian countries, a large coastal strip of land bordering the North Sea and the Norwegian Sea is heated by the Gulf Stream. The Lofoten Islands, however, have the largest positive climatic anomaly in terms of latitude; however, on the border with Finland in Finnmark County, thermometers can register negative 40 ° C between December and March. The highest temperature recorded in the country was 35.6 ° C in Nesbyen, while the lowest temperature was -51.4 ° C in Karasjok.
Safety
Norway is generally a safe and peaceful country; however, it shares the threat of national and international terrorism with Europe, and attacks or attacks on civilians can not be ruled out. As in other European countries, there is some crime. As such, precautions should be taken in the event of an attempted theft, especially in the busiest areas of Oslo, such as the central railway station and the airports of Gardermoen, Rygge and Sandefjord Torp.
Health
No special health care is required as no specific epidemics or diseases are known in Norway. The possession of a Health Insurance before a trip through Europe provides direct access to Norwegian health services, especially emergency services.
 
The standard of health care services in Norway is relatively good, but their costs are high and comprehensive medical and travel insurance (including accidents involving winter sports is recommended if the reason travel includes skiing, snowboarding or other risky sports).
Telecommunications and Electricity
Mobile Phones
The use of mobile devices can be used if roaming is enabled, however, paying attention to very high roaming charges.

Internet
The country is well served by internet services in the main cities, there are several cybers-cafes with high-speed connections.
In case you have a laptop or notebook, there are some cafes that offer the free wi-fi connection.

Electricity
The electricity is 230 Volts 50 Hz.
It is advisable to have an adapter kit for the sockets.

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